Types of questionsOn NTSE there are following questions based on words.
1. Picking odd one out
2. Resolving Analogies
3. Finding the next word in the given series
How to solveGood vocabulary is the key here. Start immediately on building your vocabulary. Some tips are:
- Anything you listen or read, pay attention to words and identify which group does a word belong
E.g. The Andes (nature) range is the world's highest (adjective) mountain range outside of the continent of Asia (continent)
- Read a newspaper daily
- Watch Discovery Channel daily, they talk about various subjects useful for building vocabulary
Odd one out ClassesMain idea behind picking an odd one out is to identify a common property. Below mentioned classes is a good start. Please understand that they are not exhaustive and you need to remain creative in your thinking. Again! PRACTICE a lot.
All the set of words given that belong to one class are considered correct.
1. Nose, Eyes, Skin, Tongue, Teeth
Nose, Eyes, Skin, Tongue belong to one class i.e. sense organs whereas teeth are not sense organs
Singular Plural Classes
All the set of words are singular and one word is plural.
1. Sun, Moon, Earth, Venus, Milky Way
Sun, Moon, Earth, Venus are all singular entities whereas Milky Way is a galaxy of stars.
All words have one grammatical form(nouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives etc.) and one word belongs to the other form.
1. Here, near, where, there, nowhere
“Where” is an interrogative word whereas others are not
All the words mean the same thing except one.
1. Ornate, Pleasant, Decorate, Beautify, Adorn
Except “Pleasant” all the words mean the same thing
Properties of a Class
The grouping or classification happens on some property of a class
1. Root, Tree, Flower, Branch, Fruit
Only “Root” remain below the ground, all others are above the ground.
Parent Child Classes
This is a broad class where classification happens on the basis of the origin of the items mentioned in the list.
Curd, Butter, Cheese, Cream, Molasses
Molasses is made of sugar and all others are made from mil
Word SeriesWord series is simpler if you have mastered Odd one out. The series is based on classes as explained above. Identify the class and pick a related word from the choices.
1. Lady Finger, Bottle-gourd, Pumpkin, Brinjal
Class: Growing above the ground
Correct answer Cauliflower
2. Mumbai, Chennai, Patna, Raipur
Class: Capitals of the states
Correct Answer: Dispur (Capital of Assam)
AnalogiesIn analogy tests the relationship between two given words is established and then applied to the other words. Identifying the type of relationship is the first step in solving such problems.
Action Object Relationship
Example: Heat is to Pan as Drink is to...
Ans. (d): The relationship between the given words is that ‘heat’ is the action and ‘pan’ is the specified object of action. Similarly ‘drink’ is the action and ‘water’ is the specified object.
Example: Glamour is to Stardom as Colour is to....
Ans. (d). As glamour is associated with stardom so is colour with painting.
Example: INTROVERT: EXTROVERT
a. ANGLE: TANGENT
b. EXTREME: INTERIM
c. AGAINST: FAVOUR
d. ACTION: LAW
Ans. (c). The related words are opposite in meaning.
Cause and Effect Relationship
Example: INJURY: PAIN
a. GRADES: MERUT
b. THUNDER: LIGHTNING
c. ROTATE: CHURNING
d. MATTER: LABOUR
Ans. (b). Injury is the cause of pain and so is thunder the cause of lightning.
Example: Tepid is to Hot as...is to Wail.
Ans. (a). Tepid is less hot and so also the lower degree of wail is sob.
Example: Clever is to Beautiful as Sour is to...
Ans. (b). The related words are Adjectives.
Example: Mt. EVEREST: NEPAL
a. MEXICO: SOUTH AMERICA
b. K2: CHIAN
c. BIG BEN: RUSSIA
d. AHMEDABAD: GUJARAT
Ans. (d): Mt. Everest is in Nepal and so is Ahmedabad in Gujarat
Part Whole Relationship
Example: MAN: MAMMAL
a. HAIL: SNOW
b. NATIVE: INHABITANT
c. OFFSPRING: FAMILY
d. LIBERT: LITERATE
Ans. (c). Man is a part of the whole species of mammal so is an offspring of the whole family.
Example: INSTITUTION: EDUCATION
a. WAR: PEACE
b. HEALTH: OBESITY
c. MEDICATION: RECUPERATION
d. BUILDING: URBANISM
Ans. (c). The purpose of institution is to impart education and the purpose of medication is quick recuperation (recovery).
Example: .......is to Dusk as Summer is to Monsoon.
Ans. (a). Summer season is immediately followed by monsoon (rainy season) and evening is immediately followed by dusk.
Example: INDENT: REQUEST
a. REPLICA: CHEAT
b. DOLE: ALMS
c. DISMAL: DUNCE
d. EXACT: CHECK
Ans. (b). The related words have the same meaning.
Example: GALLONS: SWIMMING POOL
a. SPECTATORS: AUDITORIUM
b. CURRENCY: SHARES
c. DUST: MOUNTAIN
d. BOOKS: CATALOGUE
Ans. (a). Gallons of water is needed to fill a swimming pool and large number of spectators can be admitted into an auditorium.
Time to Practice
Practice related questions on SimplyLearnt.com now:
Series (Verbal): http://www.simplylearnt.com/practice/questions/summer/Series--Verbal
Analogies (Verbal): http://www.simplylearnt.com/practice/questions/summer/Analogy--Verbal-